More and more people turn to a vegan diet. Either for ethical or health reasons, or for the benefit of the environment. With a vegan diet, only plant-based foods are consumed and no animal products of any kind are used. The nutrient supply can be well covered with this. In order to avoid deficiencies, however, a few things must be taken into account.
A balanced and varied diet is a prerequisite for meeting nutrient requirements. Ideally, this is characterised by a high consumption of fruit and vegetables. A vegan diet can reduce the risk of common diseases such as diabetes mellitus type 2 and heart disease.
Vitamin B12 is only found in sufficient quantities in animal foods. To ensure a sufficient supply, it is therefore necessary to supplement the diet with vitamin B12. Alternatively, foods enriched with vitamin B12 can be consumed. In addition, a sufficient supply of essential amino acids must be ensured. In order to cover the daily protein requirement and thus the need for all essential amino acids, various vegetable protein sources should be used.
A sufficient supply of essential fatty acids is also of great importance. A healthy ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids plays a particularly important role. Here, too, a dietary supplement with omega-3 fatty acids (including DHA and EPA) can provide support.